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Knowledge for Feeding tube

July 13,2023

Tube feeding is a way of getting your body the nutrition it needs.

Tube feed  is a liquid form of food that’s carried through your body through a flexible tube. The nutrients within the tube feed are similar to what you would get from normal food. They are also digested in the same way.Tube feeds  contain all the nutrients you need daily, including carbohydrates, proteins, fat, vitamins, minerals and water.


Everyone has different nutritional needs.

Your individual type of feed depends on your specific needs. A number of things impact this decision.Some of these are your weight, height, activity, medical condition and home circumastances. As well as whether you can still eat and drink some amount.

There is wide variety of tube feeds available that cover all nutritional needs, including:

● Low or high energy needs

● With or without fibre

● High protein needs

● Latose(milk)intolerance

When in hostital, your dietitian will talk with your about the best type of feed for your unique suitation. This is make sure you are given the best nutrition and care.


You feed can be given to you using one the the following types of tubes:

● Nasogastric Feeding tube(NG)

● Nasojejunal Feeding tube(NJ)

● Gastrostomy tubes, e.g.percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy(PEG),radiologically inserted gastrostomy(RIG)

● Jejunostomy tubes, e.g.surical jejunostomy(JEJ),jejunal extension of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy(PEG-J)

Your healthcare professional will recommend the type of feeding tube that’s best for you.

Gastrostomy and jejunostomy tubes are less visible that NG or NJ tubes. They need to be places during a surgery. This forms the so-calles stoma site.

NG or NJ Tubes do not need surgery for placement.They are more visible than a gastrostomy or jejunostomy tube. But putting in NG or NJ tube may cause dicomfort.


Type of feeding tube

Where the tube is inserted

When it's used

Nasogastric(NG)Feeding tube

Through the nose, down the oesophagus and into the stomach

Usually for short-term tube feeding(six to eight weeks)

Nasojejunal(NJ) Feeding tube

Through the nose, down the oesophagus, through the stomach and into the small intestine(jejunum)

When feeding into the stomach isn't tolerated

Gastrostomy Tube (e.g. PEG or RIG)

Directly into the stomach through a small incision into the abdomen's skin

For long-term use(More than six weeks)

Jejunostomy tube (e.g.JEJ or PEG-J)

Through the stomach and into the small intestine(jejunum)(PEG-J) or directly into the small intestine(jejunum)(JEJ) through a small incision into the abdomen's skin

For long-term use(More than six weeks)